His research interests include physiological and biomechanical mechanisms underlying fine motor skills and their adjustments and adaptations to heightened sympathetic nerve activity, aging or inactivity, space flight or microgravity, neuromuscular fatigue, divided attention, and practice in humans. He uses state-of-the-art techniques in neuroscience, physiology, and engineering (e.g., TMS, EEG, fMRI, single motor unit recordings, microneurography, mechanomyography, ultrasound elastography, and exoskeleton robot) in identifying these mechanisms.
Ph.D., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan
M.Ed., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan
B.Ed., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan
Johnson AN, Shinohara M (2012). Corticomuscular coherence with and without additional task in the elderly. Journal of Applied Physiology
Johnson AN, Huo X, Ghovanloo M, Shinohara M (2012). Dual-task motor performance with a tongue-operated assistive technology compared with hand operations. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 9:1, 2012.
Archer AA, Atongcho P, Sabra KG, Shinohara M (2012). Propagation direction of natural mechanical oscillations in the biceps brachii muscle during voluntary contraction. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 22: 51–59.
Shinohara M (2011). Adaptations in motor unit behavior in elderly adults. Current Aging Science 4: 200-208
Johnson AN, Wheaton LA, Shinohara M (2011). Attenuation of corticomuscular coherence with additional motor or non-motor task. Clinical Neurophysiology 122: 356-363.
Shinohara M, Sabra K, Gennisson J-L, Fink M, Tanter M (2010). Real-time visualization of muscle stiffness distribution with ultrasound shear wave imaging during muscle contraction. Muscle & Nerve 42: 438-441.
Ueda J, Ming D, Krishnamoorthy V, Shinohara M, Ogasawara T (2010). Individual muscle control using an exoskeleton robot for muscle function testing. IEEE Transactions on Neural and Rehabilitation Systems Engineering 18: 339-350.
Kouzaki M, Shinohara M (2010). Age-related decrease in steadiness of plantar flexor muscles and its relation to postural sway during quiet standing. Muscle & Nerve 42:78-87.
Kamibayashi K, Nakazawa K, Ogata H, Obata H, Akai M, Shinohara M (2009). Invariable H-reflex and sustained facilitation of stretch reflex with heightened sympathetic outflow. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 19:1053-1060.
Shinohara M (2009). Muscle activation strategies in multiple muscle systems. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 41:181-183.
Shinohara M, Yoshitake Y, Kouzaki M (2009). Alterations in synergistic muscle activation impact fluctuations in net force. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 41:191-197.
Awards and Honors
Visiting Scholar Award, American College of Sports Medicine.
Research Travel Award, American Society of Biomechanics.
Research Career Enhancement Award, American Physiological Society.